Trench Rescue
PRI offers trench rescue training. This course will give responders hands-
on training on trench rescue procedures and the content will adhere to
NFPA 1006 and NFPA 1670. The purpose of this course is to explain basic
strategies to safeguard responders’ health and safety when dealing with
Individuals will gain basic knowledge in trench procedures, new allows
responders to work together to understand the patient’s needs.
Remember we are there for the well-being of our customer, the patient.
Trench Rescue: Awareness Level
The Trench Rescue Awareness program is a 4-hour program, which
contains classroom presentation, regarding the safety, size-up, hazard
recognition, hazard control and first response level trench rescue
considerations.  The program will also detail how to form a Trench
Rescue Response Team as well as looking at additional resource
capabilities.
Trench Rescue: Operations Level
The Trench Rescue program teaches rescuers trench rescue operations,
trench collapse, soil types, federal regulations, ICS, preplanning, hazard
recognition and control, patient assessment and treatment
considerations, stabilization, rescue and recovery, proper shoring
techniques utilizing timber and specialized equipment.    Both classroom
lesson plans and hands-on practices in real trenches will give the student
a well-rounded understanding of the typical trench collapse.  
Prerequisite:   None

Equipment Requirements:
Lightweight Climbing or Fire Helmet
Safety Glasses
Full-body harness (class III)
Boots
Coveralls
Leather gloves

Trench Rescue: Technician Level
This course involves team development, equipment and organization of
a trench collapse response team.  In addition, hands-on training with
more complex scenarios, such as; "T" and "L" trenches, heavy
equipment movement, air bags and supplement sheeting and shoring in
deep trenches.
Prerequisite: Trench Rescue - Operations
Equipment Requirements:
Lightweight Climbing or Fire
Helmet                                                                                       Safety Glasses
Full-body harness (class III)
Boots
Coveralls
Leather gloves
OSHA 1910.146 & NFPA 1670 Objectives: Trench Rescue
Awareness
•        Size-up of existing and potential conditions.
•        Identification of the resources necessary to conduct safe and
effective trench and excavation emergency operations.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for carrying out
the emergency response system for trench and excavation emergency
incidents.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for carrying out
site control and scene management.
•        Recognition of general hazards associated with trench and
excavation emergency incidents and the procedures necessary to
mitigate these hazards within the general rescue area.
•        Recognition of typical trench and excavation collapse patterns, the
reasons trenches and excavations collapse, and the potential for
secondary collapse.
•        Development and implementation of making a rapid, non-entry
extrication of non-injured or minimally injured victim(s).
•        Recognition of the unique hazards associated with the weight of soil
and its associated entrapping characteristics.

Operations
•        Development and implementation of procedures to make an entry
into a trench or excavation rescue area.
•        Recognition of unstable areas associated with trench and
excavation emergencies and adjacent structures.
•        Development and implementation of procedures to identify
probable victim locations and survivability.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for making the
rescue area safe.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for initiating a one-
call utility location service.
•        Identification of soil types using accepted visual or manual tests.
•        Development and implementation of procedures to ventilate the
trench or excavation space.
•        Identification and recognition of a bell-bottom excavation (pier hole)
and its associated unique hazards.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for placing ground
pads and protecting the “lip” of a trench or excavation.
•        Development and implementation procedures to provide entry and
egress paths for entry personnel.
•        Development and implementation procedures for conducting a pre-
entry briefing.
•        Development and implementation procedures for record keeping
and documentation during entry operation.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for implementing
and utilization a rapid intervention team (RIT).
•        Development and implementation of procedures for the selection,
utilization, and application of shield systems.
•        Development and implementation for the procedures for the
selection, utilization, and application of sloping and benching systems.
•        Identification of the duties of panel teams, entry teams, and shoring
teams.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for assessing the
mechanism of entrapment and the method of victim removal.
•        Development and implementation of procedures for performing
extrication.
Technician
•        Procedures for the identification, construction, application,
limitations, and removal of manufactured protective systems using
tabulated data and approved engineering practices.
•        Procedures to continuously, or at frequent intervals, monitor the
atmosphere in all parts of the trench to be entered. This monitoring shall
be done, in the following order, for oxygen content, flammability
(LEL/LFL), and toxicity.
•        Procedures for identification, construction, application, limitations,
and removal of supplemental sheeting and shoring systems designed to
create approved protective systems.
•        Procedures for the adjustment of protective systems based on
digging operations and environmental conditions.
•        Procedures for rigging and placement of isolation systems.