|environment from the effects of the release. The goal of this course is to provide first responders
with defensive actions to provide for a safe response without actually trying to stop the release.
Students will understand facility pre-planning, working within the incident management system, and
establish operating procedures for containment forma safe distance, keeping the materials form
spreading, and preventing exposures.
This course meets and exceeds OSHA CFR 1910.120 (q) and NFPA 472, Chapter 2 competencies
recommended for first responders.
Hazardous Materials: Operations Level – EMS
This course fulfills of the training requirements for the First Responder Operations level according to
OSHA regulation 29 CFR 1910.120 and safety resource that meet the requirements of NFPA 473,
Professional Competencies of EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents.
This course is developed for those Fire, Rescue, Emergency Medical Services.
Emergency Medical Technicians and paramedics need to know how to work with and as hazmat
responders if called upon to respond to a hazmat incident.
• How to protect yourself and others from exposure
• Where to get information on chemical toxicity
• Protocol for the medical monitoring of entry teams
• Dealing with contaminated patients
• Limitations to medical care in the Hot Zone.
• State the objectives of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 9SARA),
29 CFR 1910.120, and 40 CFR 311.
• Describe the on-scene responsibilities of EMS providers.
• Recognize and identify the clues that determine the presence of Hazardous Materials and /or
Weapons of Mass Destruction that EMS personnel could be confronted with Research and evaluate
patient exposure information.
• Respond to hazardous materials incidents that occur at fixed sites and during transport.
• Use the local emergency response plan and/or standard operating procedures.
• Explain the pre-incident responsibilities of EMS providers.
• Use the personal protective equipment of the authority having jurisdiction
• Identify department decontamination procedures
• Communicate the status of the planned response
• Initiate the Incident Management System, recognizing:
• Authority and responsibilities of the safety officer
• Detect the presence of hazardous substances
• Consult references for information
• Implement defensive control measures that minimize risks to health and safety
• List three methods to ensure personnel safety at a hazardous materials incident.
Hazardous Materials: Operations Level – Law
The Hazmat/WMD program is appropriate Hazwoper training for police officers, security guards,
highway workers, and industrial personnel and others who may discover a potential hazardous
material or WMD incident. The content includes awareness & operations-level information that is
mandated by OSHA and EPA regulations; and is recommended by national standards. Stressing
safety, the program describes correct level actions, including how to recognize potential problems,
take appropriate action to protect themselves and others, and initiate actions that lead to a favorable
outcome. Training also describes the nature and harmful properties of hazardous materials and
weapons of mass destruction.
The course presents interactive instruction covering the following topical areas:
• Role of the First Responder
o Possible injuries
• Detecting the Presence of Hazardous Materials
• Identifying Hazardous Materials
o Labels, placards, markings, and observations
o Shipping papers
o DoD identification system
• WMD Awareness
o Understanding Weapons of Mass Destruction
o Overt and covert attacks
o Terrorist targets
o Signs of a WMD attack
• Actions for First Responders
o Protective actions
o Working with response personnel
• Understand the role of First Responders
o Explain the four Levels training according to OSHA.
o Describe the duties of each Level.
o Define a hazardous material.
o Explain how hazardous materials can harm a person.
• Use the four clues to detect the presence of hazardous materials
o List occupancies where hazardous materials are found.
o Describe some container types and sizes that hold hazardous materials.
o Identify the DOT placarding system.
o List the use of shipping paper and facility documents.
o List other clues that may indicate the presence of hazmats.
• Use resources to identify the hazardous material involved in the incident
o Describe how placards and labels are used.
o Explain the nine US DOT hazard classes.
o Use NFPA 704 to describe the hazards of materials.
o Explain how to read pipeline markers.
o Understand and use Material Safety Data Sheets.
o Understand and use Shipping Papers.
• Recognize and respond appropriately to a WMD attack
o List the characteristics of the four classes of WMDs.
o Describe the characteristics of overt and covert attacks.
o List some likely terrorist targets.
o Recognize the signs of a terrorist attack.
• Take appropriate actions to protect others
o Describe how to isolate the area.
o Explain how to notify appropriate response personnel.
o Know how to support emergency responders.
• Understand chemical exposure.
o List the 4 routes of chemical exposure.
o Describe the difference between local and systemic damage.
o Explain the meaning of acute and chronic exposure.
o Explain how established Exposure Limits protect responders.
• Select and properly use respiratory protection.
o List the 2 major categories of respirators.
o Explain the difference between SCBA and SAR.
o Describe the benefits and limitations of air purifying respirators.
o List risk factors affecting respirator use.
o Describe how to inspect respirators.
• Use National Standards to select protective clothing.
o Describe the purpose of chemical protective clothing.
o List the elements of chemical protective clothing ensembles.
o Explain why the contaminant dictates the barrier fabric.
o List the purpose of the 4 EPA levels of protection.
o List the purpose of NFPA levels of protection.
• Properly don, use & doff protective clothing