Hazardous Materials – Anhydrous Ammonia Emergencies
This 4 hour course is designed to give emergency responders basic
information concerning anhydrous ammonia including tactical considerations
involving outdoor releases at typical storage and transportation situations.
Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) is a widely used chemical. It is used in many
manufacturing processes, such as the manufacturing of nitric acid, which is
used in the plastic manufacturing, cleaning fluids, and synthetic fibers.
However, the most common use of NH3 is as a fertilizer. In fact, 80% of all the
ammonia produced in the United States is used as fertilizer, or used to make
other fertilizer products.

Prior to emergency response to a hazardous materials incident, such as an
anhydrous ammonia release, responders need to be well trained and equipped
to handle the situation. The tactics used in this program have been designed
based upon the physical properties of NH3 and may not be effective or safe
given another product and should be considered for outdoor releases only.

Performance and training competencies of this program are relative to those
found in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 and NFPA 472 Standard.

•        In order to safely mitigate an anhydrous ammonia release, emergency
responders should understand storage and transportation, as well as other
•        Understand the physical and health hazards of NH3.
•        Knowledge of basic tactical considerations and incident management
concerns to be discussed and simulated through various exercises.
•        Demonstrate defensive and offensive skills to control NH3 releases.
Anhydrous Ammonia:
Operations Level